Land-use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil state of knowledge and GIS database : summary of research : a final report to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration : period covered, NAGW-5084, April 1, 1996-September 30, 1997; NAG5-5164, July 15, 1997-July 14, 1998 (budget augmentation)

Cover of: Land-use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil |

Published by Woods Hole Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in Woods Hole, MA, [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Data bases.,
  • Ecosystems.,
  • Weather forecasting.,
  • Deforestation.

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesLand use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil, State of knowledge and GIS database
Statementprincipal investigator, Daniel C. Nepstad.
SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-207614
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17133860M

Download Land-use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil

The Cerrado (Portuguese pronunciation:) is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal Cerrado biome core areas are the plateaus in the center of Brazil.

The main habitat types of the Cerrado include: forest savanna, wooded savanna, park savanna and gramineous-woody Coordinates: 14°00′20″S 47°41′05″W /.

Request PDF | Soil changes under different land-uses in the Cerrado of Mato Grosso, Brazil | Abstract This study aimed to (1) examine the effects of land-use change on the soils of natural Cerrado. The Amazônia National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional da Amazônia) was created inas a national park comprising 1, ha.

It is situated in Itaituba and Trairão municipalities, Pará state, in the north region of is located in the watershed of the Tapajós River, about halfway between Manaus and has expanded since its inception and now covers 8, square Designation: National park.

Jul 24,  · Abstract. The main focus of this chapter is the presentation and discussion of land use expansion based on the two latest mappings of land use in the Brazilian Cerrado ( and ); both maps were produced by interpreting Landsat satellite Edson Eyji Sano.

The Yanomami of Northern Brazil. The use and management of natural resources by the Yanomami include hunting, fishing, and collecting faunal resources, gathering and collecting floral resources, and shifting cultivation of bananas, plantains, manioc, several varieties of potatolike tubers, and a number of lesser crops.

land use in Amazonia Cited by: 7. Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume Amazonia and Global Change synthesizes results of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) for scientists and students of Earth system science and global environmental change.

1 Introduction. At global scale, the Central Brazil region in Southern Amazonia is the most dynamic agricultural expansion zone. Tropical forests and Cerrado (Brazilian Savannah) are converted to pasture and crop fields (Barona et al., ; Batlle‐Bayer et al., ).Great public and scientific attention is given to Amazon forest deforestation, but in fact, most of the agricultural Cited by: 2.

The Use of Fire in the Cerrado and Amazonian Rainforests of Brazil: Past and Present Article (PDF Available) in Fire Ecology 7(1) · April with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Vania Pivello.

Land Use and Land Cover. The difference between the terms land use and land cover is that land cover refers to the physical state of the earth’s surface and its natural attributes such as biota, soil, and topography while also considering the presence of human structures (Robinson et Cited by: 7.

Oct 28,  · We aim to fill this gap by coupling econometric with spatially explicit models to explore future trends in land use change in the Cerrado biome. Cerrado savannas are considered a biodiversity hotspot, occupying 24% of Brazil’s territory.

Nevertheless, the native vegetation in this region is under mounting pressure due to agricultural T. Carvalho Lima, S. Carvalho Ribeiro, B. Soares-Filho. This collection of Amazonian datasets assembled with funding from the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA).

This project was conducted in anticipation of the Large-Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment (LBA), an international research effort led by Brazil. Summary This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Fluxes of N2O and No from Natural Ecosystems to the Atmosphere Effects of Land Use Changes on Cited by: Get this from a library.

Amazonia and global change. [Michael Keller;] -- "Amazonia and Global Change synthesizes results of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) for scientists and students of Earth system science and global environmental.

The purpose of the study presented by "California Environmental Associates”, which is the focus of this critical review, is to support the “Climate and Land Use Alliance” in identifying strategic actions that may contribute to the implementation of sustainable development in the Brazilian Cerrado.

Get this from a library. Amazonian deforestation and climate. [J H C Gash;] -- "Results of Anglo-Brazilian Climate Observation Study (ABRACOS), which sought to improve climate model predictions. Significant 29 chapter contribution provides a technical examination of the.

The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia: Analyzing Regional Land Use Change Effects Michael Keller1,2, Maria Assunção Silva-Dias3, Daniel C.

Nepstad4, and Meinrat O. Andreae5 The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) is a multi-disciplinary, multinational scientific project led by Brazil.

LBA. Brazil’s Cerrado is a highly diverse ecosystem and it provides critical habitat for many species. Cerrado habitats have suffered significant degradation and decline over the past decades due to expansion of cash crops and livestock farming across South America.

Approximately 1, km2 of the Cerrado remain in Brazil, but detailed maps and conservation assessments of the Cerrado are Cited by: 'Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon' is part of the World Bank Working Paper series.

The report suggests that, in contrast to the s and s, when occupation of Brazilian Amazonia was largely induced by government policies and subsidies, recent deforestation in significant parts of the region is basically caused by medium- and large-scale cattle ranching.

Mar 08,  · Amazon Soy Moratorium: defeating deforestation or greenwash diversion. the destruction of the Cerrado, Brazil’s biodiverse savanna — has been neglected. Sep 01,  · Inin her mid-seventies, she devoted herself exclusively to recording endangered species of cerrado plants.

The largest savanna ecosystem in South America and the second largest biogeographical region in Brazil, the cerrado covers 25 percent of. Nov 01,  · 1.) Brazil’s population (, in July ) is much less than that of India (1,) or China (1,), such that the prospect of Brazil’s increasing emissions to accommodate its size is much less foreboding than is the case for these other two countries.

Book Description: From the pre-Columbian era to the present, native Amazonians have shaped the land around them, emphasizing utilization, conservation, and sustainability. These priorities stand in stark contrast to colonial and contemporary exploitation of Amazonia by outside interests.

Evidence from our work indicates that Brazil needs broader-ranging land use policies than what was done in the s to be able to reach the land use goals stated in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement. Amazonia and Cerrado. Amazonia is the biggest biome in Brazil, with an area of million ha (Mha), Author: Michelle C.

Picoli, Ana Rorato, Pedro Leitão, Gilberto Camara, Adeline Maciel, Patrick Hostert, I. The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) was an intensive scientific investigation of the tropical rainforest of Brazil and portions of adjacent countries.

LBA used intensive remote-sensing techniques and ground-based experiments to investigate the atmosphere-biosphere-hydrosphere dynamics of this large tropical region.

We calculate greenhouse gas emissions from land use change in Mato Grosso and Rondônia, two states that are responsible for more than half of the deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia.

In addition to deforestation (clearing of forest), we also estimate clearing rates and emissions for savannas (especially the cerrado, or central Brazilian savanna), which have not been included in Brazil's Cited by: Research Activities.

Cerrado (Priority One): Our first priority is to complete the photo series and biomass consumption modeling in the cerrado ecosystems.

We will participate in authoring a book on the ecology of the ecosystems. We will continuing inventory fire effects studies at our principal research sites at the I.G.B.E.

Reserve and Aquas Emindadas. The objectives of this project are to assess the impacts of land use and climatic changes on soil nutrient cycles and microbiota, trace gas exchange and water quality in the Brazilian cerrado.

This work involves a close collaboration between EPA and a group of scientists from the Department of Ecology, University of Brasilia, Brazil.

Land use intensification for forest product exploitation, traditional crop production, and cattle production has been influenced by population density and land prices. In areas with low population densities, where land prices are normally low, extraction activities, such as those for rubber, timber, and Brazil nuts, coexist with shifting.

The Amazonia Third Way can be the most effective Land Use Change Planning policy for the Amazon because it is fully based on a standing forest-flowing river bio-economy. If successful, this new development model can be applied to all tropical regions helping Cited by: 2.

Keywords: Southern Amazonia, greenhouse gas emissions, modelling, scenarios, land-use change Summary: During the s and early s, forestry and agriculture were the main emitters of greenhouse gases in Brazil, contributing to approximately 80 Cited by: 1.

In this study, the changes in SOC stocks due to the land use land use Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details change and management in the southwestern Amazon were estimated for two time periods from and An uncertainty analysis was also conducted using a Cited by: LBA, led by Brazil, asks how Amazonia currently functions in the global climate and biogeochemical systems and how the functioning of Amazonia will respond to the combined pressures of climate and land use change, such as Wet season and dry season aerosol concentrations and their effects on diffuse radiation and photosynthesis.

Farm-level land use dynamics in the piedmont landscape of the Brazilian Amazon:A case study from Santarem Para. Ecological Economics, Vol. 18 (1), pp Beaumont, P. and Walker, R.T. In the s and s, thousands of families from Brazil's southern states migrated to the study region when it became the focus of colonization efforts and cattle ranching.

This history of modern settlement created differentiated land-use geographies (Moran ; Mahar ; Millikan ). LBA, led by Brazil, asks how Amazonia currently functions in the global climate and biogeochemical systems and how the functioning of Amazonia will respond to the combined pressures of climate and land use change, such as Wet season and dry season aerosol concentrations and their effects on diffuse radiation and photosynthesis Increasing.

[6] The objectives of this study are to investigate chemical changes in stream water in response to land use change under the geologic and soil conditions of the eastern Amazon.

We used an upstream‐downstream sampling approach on low‐order streams, with land use class quantification at each catchment by: A multi-disciplinary team of authors analyze the economics of Brazilian deforestation using a large data set of ecological and economic variables.

They survey the most up to date work in this field and present their own dynamic and spatial econometric analysis based on municipality level panel data spanning the entire Brazilian Amazon from to /5(1).

Feb 24,  · Amazon Deforestation, Once Tamed, Comes Roaring Back. a region called the Cerrado, saw more thanacres of deforestation between and Mighty Earth also linked Bunge, the other. Jul 01,  · Introduction. With each harvest and each tropical Amazon dry season the raw materials and primary goods of the rainforest and the cerrado, or of the land upon which now-felled forests once stood, are poured from silo to truck bed and hauled south in a sputtering rust-hued cloud of diesel exhaust toward Brazil’s coastal metropolises and Atlantic by: The main aim of this study was to analyse topics of research, scientific production, collaboration among countries, and most cited papers on deforestation through a bibliometric and social network study of articles found in the Web of Science by:.

Land-use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil. Ciência e Cultura (Journal of the Brazilian Association for the Advancement of Science). Vol. 49(1/2), pp. Responsible Investment and the Fight against Deforestation in Livestock, Soy, Pulp and Paper Chains in Brazil.

WWF-Brasil and the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV in Portuguese) present a .Cerrado Land-use and Conservation: Assessing Trade-offs Between Human and Ecological Needs. Klink C, DeFries RS, Cavalcanti R, eds. Conservation International, Washington, DC. Alves DS, Morton DC, Batistella M, Roberts DA, Souza Jr.

S (). The Changing Rates and Patterns of Deforestation and Land Use in Brazilian Amazonia. In.

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